G_BIO(9) MidnightBSD Kernel Developer’s Manual G_BIO(9)

NAME

g_new_bio, g_clone_bio, g_destroy_bio, g_print_bio — GEOM bio controlling functions

SYNOPSIS

#include <sys/bio.h>
#include <geom/geom.h>

struct bio *

g_new_bio(void);

struct bio *

g_alloc_bio(void);

struct bio *

g_clone_bio(struct bio *bp);

struct bio *

g_duplicate_bio(struct bio *bp);

void

g_destroy_bio(struct bio *bp);

void

g_print_bio(struct bio *bp);

DESCRIPTION

A struct bio is used by GEOM to describe I/O requests, its most important fields are described below:

bio_cmd

I/O request command. There are four I/O requests available in GEOM:

BIO_READ

A read request.

BIO_WRITE

A write request.

BIO_DELETE

Indicates that a certain range of data is no longer used and that it can be erased or freed as the underlying technology supports. Technologies like flash adaptation layers can arrange to erase the relevant blocks before they will become reassigned and cryptographic devices may want to fill random bits into the range to reduce the amount of data available for attack.

BIO_GETATTR

Inspect and manipulate out-of-band attributes on a particular provider or path. Attributes are named by ascii strings and are stored in the bio_attribute field.

BIO_FLUSH

Tells underlying providers to flush their write caches.

bio_flags

Available flags:

BIO_ERROR

Request failed (error value is stored in bio_error field).

BIO_DONE

Request finished.

bio_cflags

Private use by the consumer.

bio_pflags

Private use by the provider.

bio_offset

Offset into provider.

bio_data

Pointer to data buffer.

bio_error

Error value when BIO_ERROR is set.

bio_done

Pointer to function which will be called when the request is finished.

bio_driver1

Private use by the provider.

bio_driver2

Private use by the provider.

bio_caller1

Private use by the consumer.

bio_caller2

Private use by the consumer.

bio_attribute

Attribute string for BIO_GETATTR request.

bio_from

Consumer to use for request (attached to provider stored in bio_to field) (typically read-only for a class).

bio_to

Destination provider (typically read-only for a class).

bio_length

Request length in bytes.

bio_completed

Number of bytes completed, but they may not be completed from the front of the request.

bio_children

Number of bio clones (typically read-only for a class).

bio_inbed

Number of finished bio clones.

bio_parent

Pointer to parent bio.

The g_new_bio() function allocates a new, empty bio structure.

g_alloc_bio() - same as g_new_bio(), but always succeeds (allocates bio with the M_WAITOK malloc flag).

The g_clone_bio() function allocates a new bio structure and copies the following fields from the bio given as an argument to clone: bio_cmd, bio_length, bio_offset, bio_data, bio_attribute. The field bio_parent in the clone points to the passed bio and the field bio_children in the passed bio is incremented.

This function should be used for every request which enters through the provider of a particular geom and needs to be scheduled down. Proper order is:

1.

Clone the received struct bio.

2.

Modify the clone.

3.

Schedule the clone on its own consumer.

g_duplicate_bio() - same as g_clone_bio(), but always succeeds (allocates bio with the M_WAITOK malloc flag).

The g_destroy_bio() function deallocates and destroys the given bio structure.

The g_print_bio() function prints information about the given bio structure (for debugging purposes).

RETURN VALUES

The g_new_bio() and g_clone_bio() functions return a pointer to the allocated bio, or NULL if an error occurred.

EXAMPLES

Implementation of ‘‘NULL-transformation’’, meaning that an I/O request is cloned and scheduled down without any modifications. Let us assume that field ex_consumer in structure example_softc contains a consumer attached to the provider we want to operate on.

void
example_start(struct bio *bp)
{

struct example_softc *sc;

struct bio *cbp;

printf("Request received: ");

g_print_bio(bp);

printf("\n");

sc = bp->bio_to->geom->softc;

if (sc == NULL) {

g_io_deliver(bp, ENXIO);

return;

}

/* Let’s clone our bio request. */

cbp = g_clone_bio(bp);

if (cbp == NULL) {

g_io_deliver(bp, ENOMEM);

return;

}

cbp->bio_done = g_std_done;

/* Standard ’done’ function. */

/* Ok, schedule it down. */

/*

* The consumer can be obtained from

* LIST_FIRST(&bp->bio_to->geom->consumers) as well,

* if there is only one in our geom.

*/

g_io_request(cbp, sc->ex_consumer);

}

SEE ALSO

geom(4), DECLARE_GEOM_CLASS(9), g_access(9), g_attach(9), g_consumer(9), g_data(9), g_event(9), g_geom(9), g_provider(9), g_provider_by_name(9), g_wither_geom(9)

AUTHORS

This manual page was written by Pawel Jakub Dawidek 〈pjd@FreeBSD.org〉.

MidnightBSD 0.3 November 1, 2006 MidnightBSD 0.3