GCONCAT(8) MidnightBSD System Manager’s Manual GCONCAT(8)

NAME

gconcat — disk concatenation control utility

SYNOPSIS

gconcat create [−v] name prov ...
gconcat destroy
[−fv] name ...
gconcat label
[−hv] name prov ...
gconcat stop
[−fv] name ...
gconcat clear
[−v] prov ...
gconcat dump
prov ...
gconcat list
gconcat status
gconcat load
gconcat unload

DESCRIPTION

The gconcat utility is used for device concatenation configuration. The concatenation can be configured using two different methods: ‘‘manual’’ or ‘‘automatic’’. When using the ‘‘manual’’ method, no metadata are stored on the devices, so the concatenated device has to be configured by hand every time it is needed. The ‘‘automatic’’ method uses on-disk metadata to detect devices. Once devices are labeled, they will be automatically detected and configured.

The first argument to gconcat indicates an action to be performed:

create

Concatenate the given devices with specified name. This is the ‘‘manual’’ method. The kernel module geom_concat.ko will be loaded if it is not loaded already.

label

Concatenate the given devices with the specified name. This is the ‘‘automatic’’ method, where metadata are stored in every device’s last sector. The kernel module geom_concat.ko will be loaded if it is not loaded already.

stop

Turn off existing concatenate device by its name. This command does not touch on-disk metadata!

destroy

Same as stop.

clear

Clear metadata on the given devices.

dump

Dump metadata stored on the given devices.

list

See geom(8).

status

See geom(8).

load

See geom(8).

unload

See geom(8).

Additional options:

−f

Force the removal of the specified concatenated device.

−h

Hardcode providers’ names in metadata.

−v

Be more verbose.

SYSCTL VARIABLES

The following sysctl(8) variables can be used to control the behavior of the CONCAT GEOM class. The default value is shown next to each variable.

kern.geom.concat.debug: 0

Debug level of the CONCAT GEOM class. This can be set to a number between 0 and 3 inclusive. If set to 0 minimal debug information is printed, and if set to 3 the maximum amount of debug information is printed.

EXIT STATUS

Exit status is 0 on success, and 1 if the command fails.

EXAMPLES

The following example shows how to configure four disks for automatic concatenation, create a file system on it, and mount it:

gconcat label -v data /dev/da0 /dev/da1 /dev/da2 /dev/da3
newfs /dev/concat/data
mount /dev/concat/data /mnt
[...]
umount /mnt
gconcat stop data
gconcat unload

Configure concatenated provider on one disk only. Create file system. Add two more disks and extend existing file system.

gconcat label data /dev/da0
newfs /dev/concat/data
gconcat label data /dev/da0 /dev/da1 /dev/da2
growfs /dev/concat/data

SEE ALSO

geom(4), loader.conf(5), geom(8), growfs(8), mount(8), newfs(8), sysctl(8), umount(8), vinum(8)

HISTORY

The gconcat utility appeared in FreeBSD 5.3.

AUTHORS

Pawel Jakub Dawidek 〈pjd@FreeBSD.org〉

MidnightBSD 0.3 May 21, 2004 MidnightBSD 0.3