GLABEL(8) MidnightBSD System Manager’s Manual GLABEL(8)

NAME

glabel — disk labelization control utility

SYNOPSIS

glabel create [−v] name dev
glabel destroy
[−fv] name ...
glabel label
[−v] name dev
glabel stop
[−fv] name ...
glabel clear
[−v] dev ...
glabel dump
dev ...
glabel list
glabel status
glabel load
glabel unload

DESCRIPTION

The glabel utility is used for GEOM provider labelization. A label can be set up on a GEOM provider in two ways: ‘‘manual’’ or ‘‘automatic’’. When using the ‘‘manual’’ method, no metadata are stored on the devices, so a label has to be configured by hand every time it is needed. The ‘‘automatic’’ method uses on-disk metadata to store the label and detect it automatically in the future.

This class also provides volume label detection for file systems. Those labels cannot be set with glabel, but must be set with the appropriate file system utility, e.g. for UFS the file system label is set with tunefs(8). Currently supported file systems are:

UFS1 (directory /dev/ufs/).

UFS2 (directory /dev/ufs/).

MSDOSFS (FAT12, FAT16, FAT32) (directory /dev/msdosfs/).

CD ISO9660 (directory /dev/iso9660/).

EXT2FS (directory /dev/ext2fs/).

REISERFS (directory /dev/reiserfs/).

NTFS (directory /dev/ntfs/).

Non file-system labels are created in the directory /dev/label/.

The first argument to glabel indicates an action to be performed:

create

Create temporary label name for the given provider. This is the ‘‘manual’’ method. The kernel module geom_label.ko will be loaded if it is not loaded already.

label

Set up a label name for the given provider. This is the ‘‘automatic’’ method, where metadata is stored in a provider’s last sector. The kernel module geom_label.ko will be loaded if it is not loaded already.

stop

Turn off the given label by its name. This command does not touch on-disk metadata!

destroy

Same as stop.

clear

Clear metadata on the given devices.

dump

Dump metadata stored on the given devices.

list

See geom(8).

status

See geom(8).

load

See geom(8).

unload

See geom(8).

Additional options:

−f

Force the removal of the specified labels.

−v

Be more verbose.

SYSCTL VARIABLES

The following sysctl(8) variables can be used to control the behavior of the LABEL GEOM class. The default value is shown next to each variable.

kern.geom.label.debug: 0

Debug level of the LABEL GEOM class. This can be set to a number between 0 and 2 inclusive. If set to 0 minimal debug information is printed, and if set to 2 the maximum amount of debug information is printed.

EXIT STATUS

Exit status is 0 on success, and 1 if the command fails.

EXAMPLES

The following example shows how to set up a label for disk ‘‘da2’’, create a file system on it, and mount it:

glabel label -v usr /dev/da2
newfs /dev/label/usr
mount /dev/label/usr /usr
[...]
umount /usr
glabel stop usr
glabel unload

The next example shows how to set up a label for a UFS file system:

tunefs -L data /dev/da4s1a
mount /dev/ufs/data /mnt/data

SEE ALSO

geom(4), loader.conf(5), geom(8), mount(8), newfs(8), sysctl(8), tunefs(8), umount(8)

HISTORY

The glabel utility appeared in FreeBSD 5.3.

AUTHORS

Pawel Jakub Dawidek 〈pjd@FreeBSD.org〉

MidnightBSD 0.3 July 2, 2004 MidnightBSD 0.3