GRAID3(8) MidnightBSD System Manager’s Manual GRAID3(8)

NAME

graid3 — control utility for RAID3 devices

SYNOPSIS

graid3 label [−Fhnrvw] name prov prov prov ...
graid3 clear
[−v] prov ...
graid3 configure
[−adfFhnrRvwW] name
graid3 rebuild
[−v] name prov
graid3 insert
[−hv] −n number name prov
graid3 remove
[−v] −n number name
graid3 stop
[−fv] name ...
graid3 list
graid3 status
graid3 load
graid3 unload

DESCRIPTION

The graid3 utility is used for RAID3 array configuration. After a device is created, all components are detected and configured automatically. All operations such as failure detection, stale component detection, rebuild of stale components, etc. are also done automatically. The graid3 utility uses on-disk metadata (the provider’s last sector) to store all needed information.

The first argument to graid3 indicates an action to be performed:

label

Create a RAID3 device. The last given component will contain parity data, whilst the others will all contain regular data. The number of components must be equal to 3, 5, 9, 17, etc. (2^n + 1).

Additional options include:

−F

Do not synchronize after a power failure or system crash. Assumes device is in consistent state.

−h

Hardcode providers’ names in metadata.

−n

Turn off autosynchronization of stale components.

−r

Use parity component for reading in round-robin fashion. Without this option the parity component is not used at all for reading operations when the device is in a complete state. With this option specified random I/O read operations are even 40% faster, but sequential reads are slower. One cannot use this option if the −w option is also specified.

−w

Use verify reading feature. When reading from a device in a complete state, also read data from the parity component and verify the data by comparing XORed regular data with parity data. If verification fails, an EIO error is returned and the value of the kern.geom.raid3.stat.parity_mismatch sysctl is increased. One cannot use this option if the −r option is also specified.

clear

Clear metadata on the given providers.

configure

Configure the given device.

Additional options include:

−a

Turn on autosynchronization of stale components.

−d

Do not hardcode providers’ names in metadata.

−f

Synchronize device after a power failure or system crash.

−F

Do not synchronize after a power failure or system crash. Assumes device is in consistent state.

−h

Hardcode providers’ names in metadata.

−n

Turn off autosynchronization of stale components.

−r

Turn on round-robin reading.

−R

Turn off round-robin reading.

−w

Turn on verify reading.

−W

Turn off verify reading.

rebuild

Rebuild the given component forcibly. If autosynchronization was not turned off for the given device, this command should be unnecessary.

insert

Add the given component to the existing array, if one of the components was removed previously with the remove command or if one component is missing and will not be connected again.

Additional options include:

−h

Hardcode providers’ names in metadata.

remove

Remove the given component from the given array and clear metadata on it.

stop

Stop the given arrays.

Additional options include:

−f

Stop the given array even if it is opened.

list

See geom(8).

status

See geom(8).

load

See geom(8).

unload

See geom(8).

Additional options include:

−v

Be more verbose.

EXIT STATUS

Exit status is 0 on success, and 1 if the command fails.

EXAMPLES

Use 3 disks to setup a RAID3 array (with the round-robin reading feature). Create a file system, mount it, then unmount it and stop device:

graid3 label -v -r data da0 da1 da2
newfs /dev/raid3/data
mount /dev/raid3/data /mnt
...
umount /mnt
graid3 stop data
graid3 unload

Create a RAID3 array, but do not use the automatic synchronization feature. Rebuild parity component:

graid3 label -n data da0 da1 da2
graid3 rebuild data da2

Replace one data disk with a brand new one:

graid3 remove -n 0 data
graid3 insert -n 0 data da5

SEE ALSO

geom(4), geom(8), mount(8), newfs(8), umount(8), vinum(8)

HISTORY

The graid3 utility appeared in FreeBSD 5.3.

AUTHORS

Pawel Jakub Dawidek 〈pjd@FreeBSD.org〉

BUGS

There should be a section with an implementation description.

Documentation for sysctls kern.geom.raid3.* is missing.

MidnightBSD 0.3 November 1, 2006 MidnightBSD 0.3