IOCTL(2) MidnightBSD System Calls Manual IOCTL(2)

NAME

ioctl — control device

LIBRARY

Standard C Library (libc, −lc)

SYNOPSIS

#include <sys/ioctl.h>

int

ioctl(int d, unsigned long request, ...);

DESCRIPTION

The ioctl() system call manipulates the underlying device parameters of special files. In particular, many operating characteristics of character special files (e.g. terminals) may be controlled with ioctl() requests. The argument d must be an open file descriptor.

The third argument to ioctl() is traditionally named char *argp. Most uses of ioctl(), however, require the third argument to be a caddr_t or an int.

An ioctl() request has encoded in it whether the argument is an ‘‘in’’ argument or ‘‘out’’ argument, and the size of the argument argp in bytes. Macros and defines used in specifying an ioctl request are located in the file <sys/ioctl.h>.

RETURN VALUES

If an error has occurred, a value of -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error.

ERRORS

The ioctl() system call will fail if:

[EBADF]

The d argument is not a valid descriptor.

[ENOTTY]

The d argument is not associated with a character special device.

[ENOTTY]

The specified request does not apply to the kind of object that the descriptor d references.

[EINVAL]

The request or argp argument is not valid.

[EFAULT]

The argp argument points outside the process’s allocated address space.

SEE ALSO

execve(2), fcntl(2), intro(4), tty(4)

HISTORY

The ioctl() function appeared in Version 7 AT&T UNIX.

MidnightBSD 0.3 July 14, 2007 MidnightBSD 0.3