NG_ETF(4) MidnightBSD Kernel Interfaces Manual NG_ETF(4)

NAME

ng_etf — Ethertype filtering netgraph node type

SYNOPSIS

#include <netgraph.h>
#include <netgraph/ng_etf.h>

DESCRIPTION

The etf node type multiplexes and filters data between hooks on the basis of the ethertype found in an Ethernet header, presumed to be in the first 14 bytes of the data. Incoming Ethernet frames are accepted on the downstream hook and if the ethertype matches a value which the node has been configured to filter, the packet is forwarded out the hook which was identified at the time that value was configured. If it does not match a configured value, it is passed to the nomatch hook. If the nomatch hook is not connected, the packet is dropped.

Packets travelling in the other direction (towards the downstream hook) are also examined and filtered. If a packet has an ethertype that matches one of the values configured into the node, it must have arrived in on the hook for which that value was configured, otherwise it will be discarded. Ethertypes of values other than those configured by the control messages must have arrived via the nomatch hook.

HOOKS

This node type supports the following hooks:

downstream

Typically this hook would be connected to a ng_ether(4) node, using the lower hook.

nomatch

Typically this hook would also be connected to an ng_ether(4) type node using the upper hook.

any legal name

Any other hook name will be accepted and can be used as the match target of an ethertype. Typically this hook would be attached to a protocol handling node that requires and generates packets with a particular set of ethertypes.

CONTROL MESSAGES

This node type supports the generic control messages, plus the following:

NGM_ETF_GET_STATUS

This command returns a struct ng_etfstat containing node statistics for packet counts.

NGM_ETF_SET_FILTER

Sets the a new ethertype filter into the node and specifies the hook to and from which packets of that type should use. The hook and ethertype are specified in a structure of type struct ng_etffilter:

struct ng_etffilter {
char matchhook[NG_HOOKSIZ]; /* hook name */

u_int16_t ethertype;

/* catch these */

};

EXAMPLES

Using ngctl(8) it is possible to set a filter in place from the command line as follows:

#!/bin/sh
ETHER_IF=lnc0
MATCH1=0x834
MATCH2=0x835
cat <<DONE >/tmp/xwert
# Make a new ethertype filter and attach to the Ethernet lower hook.
# first remove left over bits from last time.
shutdown ${ETHER_IF}:lower
mkpeer ${ETHER_IF}: etf lower downstream
# Give it a name to easily refer to it.
name ${ETHER_IF}:lower etf
# Connect the nomatch hook to the upper part of the same interface.
# All unmatched packets will act as if the filter is not present.
connect ${ETHER_IF}: etf: upper nomatch
DONE
ngctl -f /tmp/xwert

# something to set a hook to catch packets and show them.
echo "Unrecognised packets:"
nghook -a etf: newproto &
# Filter two random ethertypes to that hook.
ngctl ’msg etf: setfilter { matchhook="newproto" ethertype=${MATCH1} }
ngctl ’msg etf: setfilter { matchhook="newproto" ethertype=${MATCH2} }
DONE

SHUTDOWN

This node shuts down upon receipt of a NGM_SHUTDOWN control message, or when all hooks have been disconnected.

SEE ALSO

netgraph(4), ng_ether(4), ngctl(8), nghook(8)

HISTORY

The ng_etf node type was implemented in FreeBSD 5.0.

AUTHORS

Julian Elischer 〈julian@FreeBSD.org〉

MidnightBSD 0.3 February 28, 2001 MidnightBSD 0.3