TELNET(1) MidnightBSD General Commands Manual TELNET(1)

NAME

telnet — user interface to the TELNET protocol

SYNOPSIS

telnet [−468EFKLNacdfruxy] [−S tos] [−X authtype] [−e escapechar] [−k realm] [−l user] [−n tracefile] [−s src_addr] [

host [port] ]

DESCRIPTION

The telnet command is used to communicate with another host using the TELNET protocol. If telnet is invoked without the host argument, it enters command mode, indicated by its prompt (‘‘telnet>’’). In this mode, it accepts and executes the commands listed below. If it is invoked with arguments, it performs an open command with those arguments.

Options:

−4

Forces telnet to use IPv4 addresses only.

−6

Forces telnet to use IPv6 addresses only.

−8

Specifies an 8-bit data path. This causes an attempt to negotiate the TELNET BINARY option on both input and output.

−E

Stops any character from being recognized as an escape character.

−F

If Kerberos V5 authentication is being used, the −F option allows the local credentials to be forwarded to the remote system, including any credentials that have already been forwarded into the local environment.

−K

Specifies no automatic login to the remote system.

−L

Specifies an 8-bit data path on output. This causes the BINARY option to be negotiated on output.

−N

Prevents IP address to name lookup when destination host is given as an IP address.

−S tos

Sets the IP type-of-service (TOS) option for the telnet connection to the value tos, which can be a numeric TOS value or, on systems that support it, a symbolic TOS name found in the /etc/iptos file.

−X atype

Disables the atype type of authentication.

−a

Attempt automatic login. This is now the default, so this option is ignored. Currently, this sends the user name via the USER variable of the ENVIRON option if supported by the remote system. The name used is that of the current user as returned by getlogin(2) if it agrees with the current user ID, otherwise it is the name associated with the user ID.

−c

Disables the reading of the user’s .telnetrc file. (See the toggle skiprc command on this man page.)

−d

Sets the initial value of the debug toggle to TRUE.

−e escapechar

Sets the initial telnet escape character to escapechar. If escapechar is omitted, then there will be no escape character.

−f

If Kerberos V5 authentication is being used, the −f option allows the local credentials to be forwarded to the remote system.

−k realm

If Kerberos authentication is being used, the −k option requests that telnet obtain tickets for the remote host in realm realm instead of the remote host’s realm, as determined by krb_realmofhost(3).

−l user

When connecting to the remote system, if the remote system understands the ENVIRON option, then user will be sent to the remote system as the value for the variable USER. This option implies the −a option. This option may also be used with the open command.

−n tracefile

Opens tracefile for recording trace information. See the set tracefile command below.

−r

Specifies a user interface similar to rlogin(1). In this mode, the escape character is set to the tilde (~) character, unless modified by the −e option.

−s src_addr

Set the source IP address for the telnet connection to src_addr, which can be an IP address or a host name.

−u

Forces telnet to use AF_UNIX addresses only (e.g., UNIX domain sockets, accessed with a file path).

−x

Turns on encryption of the data stream if possible. This is now the default, so this option is ignored.

−y

Suppresses encryption of the data stream.

host

Indicates the official name, an alias, or the Internet address of a remote host. If host starts with a ‘/’, telnet establishes a connection to the corresponding named socket.

port

Indicates a port number (address of an application). If a number is not specified, the default telnet port is used.

When in rlogin mode, a line of the form ~. disconnects from the remote host; ~ is the telnet escape character. Similarly, the line ~^Z suspends the telnet session. The line ~^] escapes to the normal telnet escape prompt.

Once a connection has been opened, telnet will attempt to enable the TELNET LINEMODE option. If this fails, then telnet will revert to one of two input modes: either ‘‘character at a time’’ or ‘‘old line by line’’ depending on what the remote system supports.

When LINEMODE is enabled, character processing is done on the local system, under the control of the remote system. When input editing or character echoing is to be disabled, the remote system will relay that information. The remote system will also relay changes to any special characters that happen on the remote system, so that they can take effect on the local system.

In ‘‘character at a time’’ mode, most text typed is immediately sent to the remote host for processing.

In ‘‘old line by line’’ mode, all text is echoed locally, and (normally) only completed lines are sent to the remote host. The ‘‘local echo character’’ (initially ‘‘^E’’) may be used to turn off and on the local echo (this would mostly be used to enter passwords without the password being echoed).

If the LINEMODE option is enabled, or if the localchars toggle is TRUE (the default for ‘‘old line by line’’; see below), the user’s quit, intr, and flush characters are trapped locally, and sent as TELNET protocol sequences to the remote side. If LINEMODE has ever been enabled, then the user’s susp and eof are also sent as TELNET protocol sequences, and quit is sent as a TELNET ABORT instead of BREAK. There are options (see toggle autoflush and toggle autosynch below) which cause this action to flush subsequent output to the terminal (until the remote host acknowledges the TELNET sequence) and flush previous terminal input (in the case of quit and intr).

While connected to a remote host, telnet command mode may be entered by typing the telnet ‘‘escape character’’ (initially ‘‘^]’’). When in command mode, the normal terminal editing conventions are available.

The following telnet commands are available. Only enough of each command to uniquely identify it need be typed (this is also true for arguments to the mode, set, toggle, unset, slc, environ, and display commands).

auth argument ...

The auth command manipulates the information sent through the TELNET AUTHENTICATE option. Valid arguments for the auth command are:

disable type

Disables the specified type of authentication. To obtain a list of available types, use the auth disable ? command.

enable type

Enables the specified type of authentication. To obtain a list of available types, use the auth enable ? command.

status

Lists the current status of the various types of authentication.

close

Close a TELNET session and return to command mode.

display argument ...

Displays all, or some, of the set and toggle values (see below).

encrypt argument ...

The encrypt command manipulates the information sent through the TELNET ENCRYPT option.

Valid arguments for the encrypt command are:

disable type
[input | output]

Disables the specified type of encryption. If you omit the input and output, both input and output are disabled. To obtain a list of available types, use the encrypt disable ? command.

enable type
[input | output]

Enables the specified type of encryption. If you omit input and output, both input and output are enabled. To obtain a list of available types, use the encrypt enable ? command.

input

This is the same as the encrypt start input command.

-input

This is the same as the encrypt stop input command.

output

This is the same as the encrypt start output command.

-output

This is the same as the encrypt stop output command.

start [input | output]

Attempts to start encryption. If you omit input and output, both input and output are enabled. To obtain a list of available types, use the encrypt enable ? command.

status

Lists the current status of encryption.

stop [input | output]

Stops encryption. If you omit input and output, encryption is on both input and output.

type type

Sets the default type of encryption to be used with later encrypt start or encrypt stop commands.

environ arguments ...

The environ command is used to manipulate the variables that may be sent through the TELNET ENVIRON option. The initial set of variables is taken from the users environment, with only the DISPLAY and PRINTER variables being exported by default. The USER variable is also exported if the −a or −l options are used.

Valid arguments for the environ command are:

define variable value

Define the variable variable to have a value of value. Any variables defined by this command are automatically exported. The value may be enclosed in single or double quotes so that tabs and spaces may be included.

undefine variable

Remove variable from the list of environment variables.

export variable

Mark the variable variable to be exported to the remote side.

unexport variable

Mark the variable variable to not be exported unless explicitly asked for by the remote side.

list

List the current set of environment variables. Those marked with a * will be sent automatically, other variables will only be sent if explicitly requested.

?

Prints out help information for the environ command.

logout

Sends the TELNET LOGOUT option to the remote side. This command is similar to a close command; however, if the remote side does not support the LOGOUT option, nothing happens. If, however, the remote side does support the LOGOUT option, this command should cause the remote side to close the TELNET connection. If the remote side also supports the concept of suspending a user’s session for later reattachment, the logout argument indicates that you should terminate the session immediately.

mode type

Type is one of several options, depending on the state of the TELNET session. The remote host is asked for permission to go into the requested mode. If the remote host is capable of entering that mode, the requested mode will be entered.

character

Disable the TELNET LINEMODE option, or, if the remote side does not understand the LINEMODE option, then enter ‘‘character at a time’’ mode.

line

Enable the TELNET LINEMODE option, or, if the remote side does not understand the LINEMODE option, then attempt to enter ‘‘old-line-by-line’’ mode.

isig (−isig)

Attempt to enable (disable) the TRAPSIG mode of the LINEMODE option. This requires that the LINEMODE option be enabled.

edit (−edit)

Attempt to enable (disable) the EDIT mode of the LINEMODE option. This requires that the LINEMODE option be enabled.

softtabs (−softtabs)

Attempt to enable (disable) the SOFT_TAB mode of the LINEMODE option. This requires that the LINEMODE option be enabled.

litecho (−litecho)

Attempt to enable (disable) the LIT_ECHO mode of the LINEMODE option. This requires that the LINEMODE option be enabled.

?

Prints out help information for the mode command.

open [−l user] [host] [[
−/+
]port]

Open a connection to the named host. If no port number is specified, telnet will attempt to contact a TELNET server at the default port. The host specification may be either a host name (see hosts(5)), an Internet address specified in the ‘‘dot notation’’ (see inet(3)), or IPv6 host name or IPv6 coloned-hexadecimal addreess. The −l option may be used to specify the user name to be passed to the remote system via the ENVIRON option. When connecting to a non-standard port, telnet omits any automatic initiation of TELNET options. When the port number is preceded by a minus sign, the initial option negotiation is done. When, however, the port number is preceded by a plus sign, any option negotiation and understanding is prohibited, making telnet dumb client for POP3/SMTP/NNTP/HTTP-like protocols with any data including TELNET IAC character (0xff). After establishing a connection, the file .telnetrc in the users home directory is opened. Lines beginning with a # are comment lines. Blank lines are ignored. Lines that begin without white space are the start of a machine entry. The first thing on the line is the name of the machine that is being connected to. It may be the hostname or numeric address specified as the argument host, the canonical name of that string as determined by getaddrinfo(3), or the string ‘‘DEFAULT’’ indicating all hosts. The rest of the line, and successive lines that begin with white space are assumed to be telnet commands and are processed as if they had been typed in manually to the telnet command prompt.

quit

Close any open TELNET session and exit telnet. An end of file (in command mode) will also close a session and exit.

send arguments

Sends one or more special character sequences to the remote host. The following are the arguments which may be specified (more than one argument may be specified at a time):

abort

Sends the TELNET ABORT (Abort processes) sequence.

ao

Sends the TELNET AO (Abort Output) sequence, which should cause the remote system to flush all output from the remote system to the user’s terminal.

ayt

Sends the TELNET AYT (Are You There) sequence, to which the remote system may or may not choose to respond.

brk

Sends the TELNET BRK (Break) sequence, which may have significance to the remote system.

ec

Sends the TELNET EC (Erase Character) sequence, which should cause the remote system to erase the last character entered.

el

Sends the TELNET EL (Erase Line) sequence, which should cause the remote system to erase the line currently being entered.

eof

Sends the TELNET EOF (End Of File) sequence.

eor

Sends the TELNET EOR (End of Record) sequence.

escape

Sends the current telnet escape character (initially ‘‘^’’).

ga

Sends the TELNET GA (Go Ahead) sequence, which likely has no significance to the remote system.

getstatus

If the remote side supports the TELNET STATUS command, getstatus will send the subnegotiation to request that the server send its current option status.

ip

Sends the TELNET IP (Interrupt Process) sequence, which should cause the remote system to abort the currently running process.

nop

Sends the TELNET NOP (No OPeration) sequence.

susp

Sends the TELNET SUSP (SUSPend process) sequence.

synch

Sends the TELNET SYNCH sequence. This sequence causes the remote system to discard all previously typed (but not yet read) input. This sequence is sent as TCP urgent data (and may not work if the remote system is a 4.2BSD system -- if it doesn’t work, a lower case ‘‘r’’ may be echoed on the terminal).

do cmd
dont
cmd

will cmd

wont cmd

Sends the TELNET DO cmd sequence. Cmd can be either a decimal number between 0 and 255, or a symbolic name for a specific TELNET command. Cmd can also be either help or ? to print out help information, including a list of known symbolic names.

?

Prints out help information for the send command.

set argument value

unset argument value

The set command will set any one of a number of telnet variables to a specific value or to TRUE. The special value off turns off the function associated with the variable, this is equivalent to using the unset command. The unset command will disable or set to FALSE any of the specified functions. The values of variables may be interrogated with the display command. The variables which may be set or unset, but not toggled, are listed here. In addition, any of the variables for the toggle command may be explicitly set or unset using the set and unset commands.

ayt

If TELNET is in localchars mode, or LINEMODE is enabled, and the status character is typed, a TELNET AYT sequence (see send ayt preceding) is sent to the remote host. The initial value for the ‘‘Are You There’’ character is the terminal’s status character.

echo

This is the value (initially ‘‘^E’’) which, when in ‘‘line by line’’ mode, toggles between doing local echoing of entered characters (for normal processing), and suppressing echoing of entered characters (for entering, say, a password).

eof

If telnet is operating in LINEMODE or ‘‘old line by line’’ mode, entering this character as the first character on a line will cause this character to be sent to the remote system. The initial value of the eof character is taken to be the terminal’s eof character.

erase

If telnet is in localchars mode (see toggle localchars below), and if telnet is operating in ‘‘character at a time’’ mode, then when this character is typed, a TELNET EC sequence (see send ec above) is sent to the remote system. The initial value for the erase character is taken to be the terminal’s erase character.

escape

This is the telnet escape character (initially ‘‘^[’’) which causes entry into telnet command mode (when connected to a remote system).

flushoutput

If telnet is in localchars mode (see toggle localchars below) and the flushoutput character is typed, a TELNET AO sequence (see send ao above) is sent to the remote host. The initial value for the flush character is taken to be the terminal’s flush character.

forw1
forw2

If telnet is operating in LINEMODE, these are the characters that, when typed, cause partial lines to be forwarded to the remote system. The initial value for the forwarding characters are taken from the terminal’s eol and eol2 characters.

interrupt

If telnet is in localchars mode (see toggle localchars below) and the interrupt character is typed, a TELNET IP sequence (see send ip above) is sent to the remote host. The initial value for the interrupt character is taken to be the terminal’s intr character.

kill

If telnet is in localchars mode (see toggle localchars below), and if telnet is operating in ‘‘character at a time’’ mode, then when this character is typed, a TELNET EL sequence (see send el above) is sent to the remote system. The initial value for the kill character is taken to be the terminal’s kill character.

lnext

If telnet is operating in LINEMODE or ‘‘old line by line’’ mode, then this character is taken to be the terminal’s lnext character. The initial value for the lnext character is taken to be the terminal’s lnext character.

quit

If telnet is in localchars mode (see toggle localchars below) and the quit character is typed, a TELNET BRK sequence (see send brk above) is sent to the remote host. The initial value for the quit character is taken to be the terminal’s quit character.

reprint

If telnet is operating in LINEMODE or ‘‘old line by line’’ mode, then this character is taken to be the terminal’s reprint character. The initial value for the reprint character is taken to be the terminal’s reprint character.

rlogin

This is the rlogin escape character. If set, the normal telnet escape character is ignored unless it is preceded by this character at the beginning of a line. This character, at the beginning of a line followed by a "." closes the connection; when followed by a ^Z it suspends the telnet command. The initial state is to disable the rlogin escape character.

start

If the TELNET TOGGLE-FLOW-CONTROL option has been enabled, then this character is taken to be the terminal’s start character. The initial value for the start character is taken to be the terminal’s start character.

stop

If the TELNET TOGGLE-FLOW-CONTROL option has been enabled, then this character is taken to be the terminal’s stop character. The initial value for the stop character is taken to be the terminal’s stop character.

susp

If telnet is in localchars mode, or LINEMODE is enabled, and the suspend character is typed, a TELNET SUSP sequence (see send susp above) is sent to the remote host. The initial value for the suspend character is taken to be the terminal’s suspend character.

tracefile

This is the file to which the output, caused by netdata or option tracing being TRUE, will be written. If it is set to ‘‘’’, then tracing information will be written to standard output (the default).

worderase

If telnet is operating in LINEMODE or ‘‘old line by line’’ mode, then this character is taken to be the terminal’s worderase character. The initial value for the worderase character is taken to be the terminal’s worderase character.

?

Displays the legal set (unset) commands.

opie sequence challenge

The opie command computes a response to the OPIE challenge.

slc state

The slc command (Set Local Characters) is used to set or change the state of the special characters when the TELNET LINEMODE option has been enabled. Special characters are characters that get mapped to TELNET commands sequences (like ip or quit) or line editing characters (like erase and kill). By default, the local special characters are exported.

check

Verify the current settings for the current special characters. The remote side is requested to send all the current special character settings, and if there are any discrepancies with the local side, the local side will switch to the remote value.

export

Switch to the local defaults for the special characters. The local default characters are those of the local terminal at the time when telnet was started.

import

Switch to the remote defaults for the special characters. The remote default characters are those of the remote system at the time when the TELNET connection was established.

?

Prints out help information for the slc command.

status

Show the current status of telnet. This includes the peer one is connected to, as well as the current mode.

toggle arguments ...

Toggle (between TRUE and FALSE) various flags that control how telnet responds to events. These flags may be set explicitly to TRUE or FALSE using the set and unset commands listed above. More than one argument may be specified. The state of these flags may be interrogated with the display command. Valid arguments are:

authdebug

Turns on debugging information for the authentication code.

autoflush

If autoflush and localchars are both TRUE, then when the ao, or quit characters are recognized (and transformed into TELNET sequences; see set above for details), telnet refuses to display any data on the user’s terminal until the remote system acknowledges (via a TELNET TIMING MARK option) that it has processed those TELNET sequences. The initial value for this toggle is TRUE if the terminal user had not done an "stty noflsh", otherwise FALSE (see stty(1)).

autodecrypt

When the TELNET ENCRYPT option is negotiated, by default the actual encryption (decryption) of the data stream does not start automatically. The autoencrypt (autodecrypt) command states that encryption of the output (input) stream should be enabled as soon as possible.

autologin

If the remote side supports the TELNET AUTHENTICATION option telnet attempts to use it to perform automatic authentication. If the AUTHENTICATION option is not supported, the user’s login name are propagated through the TELNET ENVIRON option. This command is the same as specifying −a option on the open command.

autosynch

If autosynch and localchars are both TRUE, then when either the intr or quit characters is typed (see set above for descriptions of the intr and quit characters), the resulting TELNET sequence sent is followed by the TELNET SYNCH sequence. This procedure should cause the remote system to begin throwing away all previously typed input until both of the TELNET sequences have been read and acted upon. The initial value of this toggle is FALSE.

binary

Enable or disable the TELNET BINARY option on both input and output.

inbinary

Enable or disable the TELNET BINARY option on input.

outbinary

Enable or disable the TELNET BINARY option on output.

crlf

If this is TRUE, then carriage returns will be sent as <CR><LF>. If this is FALSE, then carriage returns will be send as <CR><NUL>. The initial value for this toggle is FALSE.

crmod

Toggle carriage return mode. When this mode is enabled, most carriage return characters received from the remote host will be mapped into a carriage return followed by a line feed. This mode does not affect those characters typed by the user, only those received from the remote host. This mode is not very useful unless the remote host only sends carriage return, but never line feed. The initial value for this toggle is FALSE.

debug

Toggles socket level debugging (useful only to the super user). The initial value for this toggle is FALSE.

encdebug

Turns on debugging information for the encryption code.

localchars

If this is TRUE, then the flush, interrupt, quit, erase, and kill characters (see set above) are recognized locally, and transformed into (hopefully) appropriate TELNET control sequences (respectively ao, ip, brk, ec, and el; see send above). The initial value for this toggle is TRUE in ‘‘old line by line’’ mode, and FALSE in ‘‘character at a time’’ mode. When the LINEMODE option is enabled, the value of localchars is ignored, and assumed to always be TRUE. If LINEMODE has ever been enabled, then quit is sent as abort, and eof and suspend are sent as eof and susp (see send above).

netdata

Toggles the display of all network data (in hexadecimal format). The initial value for this toggle is FALSE.

options

Toggles the display of some internal telnet protocol processing (having to do with TELNET options). The initial value for this toggle is FALSE.

prettydump

When the netdata toggle is enabled, if prettydump is enabled the output from the netdata command will be formatted in a more user readable format. Spaces are put between each character in the output, and the beginning of any telnet escape sequence is preceded by a ’*’ to aid in locating them.

skiprc

When the skiprc toggle is TRUE, telnet skips the reading of the .telnetrc file in the users home directory when connections are opened. The initial value for this toggle is FALSE.

termdata

Toggles the display of all terminal data (in hexadecimal format). The initial value for this toggle is FALSE.

verbose_encrypt

When the verbose_encrypt toggle is TRUE, telnet prints out a message each time encryption is enabled or disabled. The initial value for this toggle is FALSE.

?

Displays the legal toggle commands.

z

Suspend telnet. This command only works when the user is using the csh(1).

! [command]

Execute a single command in a subshell on the local system. If command is omitted, then an interactive subshell is invoked.

? [command]

Get help. With no arguments, telnet prints a help summary. If command is specified, telnet will print the help information for just that command.

ENVIRONMENT

telnet uses at least the HOME, SHELL, DISPLAY, and TERM environment variables. Other environment variables may be propagated to the other side via the TELNET ENVIRON option.

FILES
~/.telnetrc

user customized telnet startup values

SEE ALSO

rlogin(1), rsh(1), hosts(5), nologin(5), telnetd(8)

HISTORY

The telnet command appeared in 4.2BSD.

IPv6 support was added by WIDE/KAME project.

NOTES

On some remote systems, echo has to be turned off manually when in ‘‘old line by line’’ mode.

In ‘‘old line by line’’ mode or LINEMODE the terminal’s eof character is only recognized (and sent to the remote system) when it is the first character on a line.

MidnightBSD 0.3 September 18, 2006 MidnightBSD 0.3