TRUSS(1) MidnightBSD General Commands Manual TRUSS(1)

NAME

truss — trace system calls

SYNOPSIS

truss [−faedDS] [−o file] −p pid
truss
[−faedDS] [−o file] command [args]

DESCRIPTION

The truss utility traces the system calls called by the specified process or program. Output is to the specified output file, or standard error by default. It does this by stopping and restarting the process being monitored via procfs(5).

The options are as follows:

−f

Trace descendants of the original traced process created by fork(2), vfork(2), etc.

−a

Show the argument strings that are passed in each execve(2) system call.

−e

Show the environment strings that are passed in each execve(2) system call.

−d

Include timestamps in the output showing the time elapsed since the trace was started.

−D

Include timestamps in the output showing the time elapsed since the last recorded event.

−S

Do not display information about signals received by the process. (Normally, truss displays signal as well as system call events.)

−o file

Print the output to the specified file instead of standard error.

−p pid

Follow the process specified by pid instead of a new command.

command [args]

Execute command and trace the system calls of it. (The −p and command options are mutually exclusive.)

The procctl(8) utility can be used to clear tracepoints in a stuck process left behind if truss terminates abnormally.

EXAMPLES

# Follow the system calls used in echoing "hello"

$ truss /bin/echo hello

# Do the same, but put the output into a file

$ truss -o /tmp/truss.out /bin/echo hello

# Follow an already-running process

$ truss -p 1

SEE ALSO

kdump(1), ktrace(1), procfs(5), procctl(8)

HISTORY

The truss command was written by Sean Eric Fagan for FreeBSD. It was modeled after similar commands available for System V Release 4 and SunOS.

MidnightBSD 0.3 September 3, 2004 MidnightBSD 0.3